What is Sodium Chloride?
Sodium chloride, commonly known as salt, is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, which represents a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions. Sodium chloride is the salt most responsible for the salinity of seawater and the extracellular fluid of many multicellular organisms. In the form of edible table salt, it is often used as a flavoring and food preservative. Many industrial processes use large quantities of sodium chloride, and it is the principal source of sodium and chlorine compounds, which are used as raw materials for other chemical syntheses. The second important application of sodium chloride is the defrosting of roads in sub-freezing weather.
How is Sodium Chloride produced?
Salt is produced on a large scale by evaporation of seawater or brine from brine wells and salt lakes. Rock salt mining is also an important resource. China is the world's main supplier of salt. Salt is also a byproduct of potassium mining.
Although it is easily formed by the combination of its constituent elements sodium and chlorine,
2Na (k) + Cl2 (g) → 2NaCl (k)
In a combustion reaction that releases about 411 kilojoules of energy per mole of compound, it is practically never intentionally created because of the severity of such a reaction, unless you measure the properties of such a reaction.
Neutralization of strong base sodium hydroxide and strong acid hydrochloric acid also creates sodium chloride solutions and reverses the energy-absorbing electrolysis process that makes both sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid more costly than sodium chloride and requires water to evaporate. Similarly, it consists of many reactions involving solvents that allow sodium chloride as the solute remaining in solution after a reaction between a metallic chloride (mostly soluble) and a salt (one of several water-soluble carbonates) such as sodium carbonate.
Therefore, the addition of ferrous chloride to a sodium carbonate or sodium carbonate solution causes precipitation of ferrous carbonate with sodium chloride remaining in solution.
Sodium chloride is so inexpensive that it does not need to be synthesized.
What does Sodium Chloride look like?
It is available as a white crystalline powder.
What is the molecular formula of Sodium Chloride?
Molecular Formula: NaCl
In which sectors is Sodium Chloride used?
- chemical industry
- Oil and gas exploration
- construction industry
- Construction of highways and anti-icing on highways
- paper industry
- Tanning and leather industry
- Rubber production
- Food industry as a food preservative, colorant and flavoring
- textile sector
- Pharmaceutical industry
- Cleaning and personal care industry
What are the uses (processes) of Sodium Chloride?
Salt is used directly or indirectly in the production of many chemicals around the world.
- The Solvay process uses sodium chloride to produce sodium carbonate and calcium chloride. Sodium carbonate is used in the manufacture of glass, sodium bicarbonate and paints, as well as countless other chemicals. It is used for the production of sodium chloride, sodium sulfate and hydrochloric acid in the Mannheim process and the Hargreaves process.
- In oil and gas exploration, salt is an important component of drilling fluids in well drilling. It is used to flocculate and increase the density of drilling fluid to overcome high downhole gas pressures.
- Salt is also used to increase the curing of concrete in cementitious pavements.
- Salt is used during the fabric dyeing process in the textile industry.
- Salt is used in the processing of aluminum, beryllium, copper, steel and vanadium.
- In the pulp and paper industry, salt is used to bleach wood pulp.
- Salt is used to make sodium chlorate, which is added with sulfuric acid and water to produce chlorine dioxide, an oxygen-based bleaching chemical.
- In tanning and leather processing, salt is added to animal hides to inhibit microbial activity on the underside of the hides and to draw moisture back into the skin.
- Salt is used in the production of rubber, neoprene and white rubber varieties.
- Salt is added to solidify the soil and add strength to the foundation on which highways are built.
- Salt is used as an effective food preservative. Many microorganisms cannot survive in a salty environment: Water is drawn from their cells through osmosis. For this reason, salt is used to preserve certain foods such as bacon, fish or cabbage.
- Salt is added to food by food manufacturers and consumers as a flavor enhancer, preservative, binder, fermentation control additive, texture control agent and color enhancer.
- In the dairy industry, salt is added to cheese as a color, fermentation and texture control agent.
- Factories producing cream, butter, condensed and evaporated milk, frozen desserts, ice cream, natural and processed cheese and special dairy products also benefit from salt as a sub-sector of dairy products.
- Salt is used as a preservative in canned foods.
- In baking, salt is added to control the fermentation rate in the bread dough. It is also used as a flavor enhancer to strengthen gluten (the elastic protein-water complex in some doughs) and as a sauce on baked goods.
- Salt is used in the production of flour, rice and breakfast cereals.
- Salt is also used as a spice both in food production facilities and in kitchens.
- Salt is used to soften hard water.
- Salt is used to prevent and remove icing on highways.
- Salt is used in solutions and nasal sprays in the pharmaceutical industry.
- It is the main extinguishing agent in fire extinguishers (Met-LX, Super D) used in combustible metal fires such as sodium chloride, magnesium, potassium, sodium and NaK alloys (Class D).
- Most personal care and household cleaning supplies contain salt as an ingredient.
What is the Sales Price of Sodium Chloride?
You can call us to find out the current sodium chloride sales prices and take advantage of the best prices.
Where Can I Buy Sodium Chloride?
As SoleChem Kimya, we sell and supply sodium chloride.