What is Hydrochloric Acid?
The aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride, which is gaseous at normal pressure and room temperature, is called hydrochloric acid. Hydrochloric acid is composed of the elements chlorine and hydrogen. It is used colloquially as a spirit of salt.
Hydrochloric acid was used in alchemy after its discovery by Jabir Bin Hayyan in the 9th century. Then, the Industrial Revolution period had a very important place in the development of industry and the discovery of practical methods in industry.
Besides its advantages, hydrochloric acid is a poisonous acid that causes destruction in human tissues and many substances. It is also an irritant to the eyes and respiratory system, causing burns to the skin. For this reason, hydrochloric acid should be used in professional working conditions where all safety precautions are taken.
How is hydrochloric acid produced?
Hydrochloric acid is obtained from hydrogen chloride gas dissolved in water. Hydrogen chloride, a strong acid, is formed by the combination of a hydrogen and a chlorine atom. This acid, whose chemical formula is HCl, dissolves at a high rate of 450 liters in one liter of water at room temperature. Hydrogen chloride is obtained by mixing with other substances, especially in large-scale production.
What Are Hydrochloric Acid Reactions?
Hydrochloric acid reacts with many different metals to release hydrogen. We can give examples of metals such as iron, zinc, aluminum, magnesium. Platinum and gold do not react directly with hydrochloric acid. However, they can be dissolved by mixing hydrochloric acid with nitric acid. Copper, on the other hand, can react with hydrochloric acid together with oxygen, but hydrogen is not released from this reaction like other metals. Metal oxides, which we call rust in the public mouth, enter into dissolution with hydrochloric acid. Therefore, hydrochloric acid has a rust-resolving feature.
Carbon dioxide is produced by the massive reaction of carbonates with hydrochloric acid.
The physical properties of hydrochloric acid, namely melting and boiling points, densities and pH values, are related to the number of moles (molarity) and concentration of the substance dissolved in one liter of solution of hydrogen chloride (HCl) in the acid solution.
What does hydrochloric acid look like?
Hydrochloric acid has a liquid and clear appearance.
What is the molecular formula of hydrochloric acid?
The molecular formula of hydrochloric acid is HCL.
In which sectors is hydrochloric acid used?
- Food industry
- Artificial Food and Vitamin Production
- Organic Matter Production
- Iron and Steel
- PVC Production
- Pharmaceutical Industry
- Cleaning Industry
- Leather Processing Industry
- Petroleum Industry
- Water Treatment Plants
What are the uses (processes) of hydrochloric acid?
Hydrochloric acid is used in many different production and business areas. The acid, which can be produced in different concentrations, provides use in different business lines.
- Hydrochloric acid is used as a rust solvent by going into high dissolution with metal oxides.
- It is used as a cleaning agent in water treatment plants.
- Thanks to its interaction with organic compounds, it is used in the production of solvents and plastics.
- Hydrochloric acid is used in industry for the production of inorganic substances.
- It is used in many industries to balance the pH ratio. For example, hydrochloric acid is used in food production, pool water control and drug production, and control of pH values in drinking water.
- It is used during the pickling process, which means cleaning the steel.
- It is used in the manufacture of materials such as paper, accumulators and batteries.
- Hydrochloric acid is used in the production of Teflon.
- It is used in the field of pharmacology.
What is the selling price of hydrochloric acid?
You can call us to learn the current hydrochloric acid sales prices and take advantage of the best prices.
Where can hydrochloric acid be bought?
As SoleChem Kimya, we sell and supply hydrochloric acid.