What is fumaric acid?
Fumaric acid is an organic compound with the chemical formula HO2CCH=CHCO2H. Together with maleic acid, fumaric acid are isomeric unsaturated dicarboxnic acids. In maleic acid, carboxylic acid groups are in the cis (Z) form, and in fumaric acid in the trans (E) form. The E code for fumaric acid is E297.
There are other pronunciations that refer to fumaric acid. It has names such as E297, Butenethioic Acid, Allomaleic Acid, Tumaric Acid, Lichenic Acid, Sodium Fumarate, Ammonium Fumarate.
Fumaric acid is found in nature in the contents of bolete mushrooms, lichens, saber grass and Icelandic moss. The form of fumaric acid found in natural environments is colorless crystalline powder and white in fine form. It also occurs in the human body as well as in plants. It is known that the human body, which receives direct sunlight, produces fumaric acid.
Aromatically, it has a fruity taste.
Fumarate is used so that cells can store the energy we obtain from food in the form of adenosine triphosphate. With this feature, it is one of the intermediate products in the citric acid cycle and the urea cycle. Esters and salts are called fumarates. It is known that dimethyl fumarate greatly inhibits the progression of multiple sclerosis.
How is fumaric acid produced?
In the first step of the fumaric acid production process, maleic anhydride is produced by the catalytic oxidation of suitable hydrocarbons. Benzene as starting chemicals; n-butane; n-butene mixtures can be used. The catalysts, which are vanadium and phosphorus oxides, used in the production of Maleic Anhydride are embedded in fixed bed tubular reactors. Purified Maleic Anhydride is obtained after purification from the water formed as a by-product. Then, maleic acid is obtained by hydrolysis and fumaric acid is obtained as a result of isomerization of malic acid.
How does fumaric acid look?
It can be in the form of a white powder or in the form of transparent crystals. It is odorless but has a fruity taste. It is 1.5 times more sour and odorless than citric acid.
When it is above 200 C, it starts to go from solid state to gas state, that is, it goes into the sublimation stage. It loses water when heated at 230 C and turns into maleic anhydride. It evaporates completely at 287 C.
What is the molecular formula of fumaric acid?
Molecular formula: C4H4HE 4
In which sectors is fumaric acid used?
- Adhesive production industry
- food industry
- Processing of Prepared Foods
- Milk and Dairy Products Production Facilities
- Pastry Industry
- Pharmaceutical Industry – Psoriasis
- Production of drugs for veterinary animals
- Wine Production Sector
What are the fumaric acid usage areas (processes)?
- It is used as an antioxidant in the preparation of foods.
- It is used in formulas containing alginate as a calcium-releasing chemical and increases the durability of gels in gelatin form.
- It interferes with chemical regulators called cytokines in the immune system of cells with psoriasis. Therefore, drugs produced for the treatment of psoriasis contain fumaric acid.
- Fumaric acid is used to add flavor to the filling materials used in cake and dessert making.
- It is used to add flavor to milk and dairy products during the production phase. For example, it is used in the manufacture of products such as milk powder, milk cream, instant soups containing cream, and chocolate milk.
- Again in the food sector, fumaric acid is used in the production of ready-made foods such as cereal-containing breakfast cereal, pudding, instant pasta, noodles, oatmeal.
- It is used to increase the flavor of processed foods such as canned meat, pastrami, sausage.
- Vinyl acetate and fumaric acid are used in various adhesive manufactures, thanks to the adhesive properties they contain. It is used as a thickener for latex adhesives. Foil lamination adhesives that do not contain casein also contain fumaric acid.
- It is used for the production of glass fiber in the form of Styrene Copolymer.
- Ferrous fumarate is produced by replacing it with ferrous sulfate to treat small red blood cell anemia.
- It is used with a solution obtained by mixing with substances such as lactic acid and citric acid, to prevent limescale in oil wells and to increase efficiency in oil wells.
- Fumaric acid is used as an antioxidant in order to prevent the formation of harmful substances in the feed of cattle, sheep and poultry.
- Fumaric acid is used to prevent the formation of bacteria in the wine production process.
What is the Sale Price of Fumaric Acid?
You can call us to learn the current fumaric acid sales prices and take advantage of the best prices.
Where Can Fumaric Acid Be Purchased?
As SoleChem Kimya, we are selling and supplying fumaric acid.