What is a biocide?
A biocide is a chemical substance that can kill and control microorganisms such as fungi, ticks, insects, rodents, mold, algae, bacteria and yeast, which are considered harmful and consist of a mixture of one or more active substances. When we look at the word meaning of biocide, it means that it kills a biological and living entity.
Biocides ensure the active performance of production processes and chemical products by neutralizing the movements of harmful organisms. It reduces the maintenance-repair costs of the products. Protects the health of humans and animals against microorganisms. Water has a protective effect against the depletion of assets such as trees and fossil fuels. Volatile organic chemicals spread to the atmosphere layer and damage it. Biocides, on the other hand, prevent this flight and protect the atmosphere. Biocides have an important role in the development of water-based systems.
It is necessary to use different biocide mixtures in accordance with the usage area and need. For this reason, biocides are grouped into 4 main groups according to their intended use, as we will talk about below.
Sectors where biocides are used
- Cosmetic Industry
- Cleaning industry
- Plastic Industry
- Detergent Industry
- paint industry
- Woodworking Industry
- printing inks
- pharmaceutical industry
- veterinary industry
- Food industry
Some processes using biocides
1.As disinfectant and hygiene material
- They are used to protect and ensure human hygiene.
- In public areas such as bathing waters, swimming pools, aquariums, etc. in common public areas; in items such as furniture and equipment; It is used as a disinfectant in hospital wastes, air conditioning systems, chemical toilet materials and health institutions.
- It is used for disinfection in health institutions, veterinarians or shelters where animals are also treated.
- It is used to disinfect the storage containers used by humans and animals for food, pipelines used in food production, tools and equipment used during the transportation and consumption of feed and beverages.
- They are used to disinfect drinking water of humans and animals.
- They are used in packaged foods and canned products in order to prevent the formation of microorganisms and to guarantee shelf life.
- They are used to protect surfaces such as insulating materials, wall paint, works of art.
- It is used to prevent harmful organisms that can occur on wooden surfaces.
- It is used for the protection of leather, rubber, paper and building materials related to dyeing.
- There are versions of biocide that cannot be used in drinking water, but are used to protect water treatment and liquid cooling systems.
- It is used to prevent the formation of snail beetles on the equipment used in the industrial sector. These types of biocides are called 'slimicids'.
- They are used to prevent microbial spoilage in metalworking fluids.
3. Ensuring Pest Control
- Rodenticides used against mice and rats;
- Avisicides used to control birds;
- Mollusicides used to control the creatures in the Mollusca group;
- Pesticides used to control fish;
- Acaricides and insecticides used to control arthropods;
- They are classified as repellents and attractants used to prevent substances that may harm the hygiene of humans and animals, such as fleas and birds.
4.Other Biocidal Products
- It is used to prevent the formation of destructing organisms that may occur on vehicles such as boats used in maritime.
- It is used in human embalming and the preservation of animal hides.
- It is used to protect the products of food and feed producing enterprises during stocking.
- They are used for the control of harmful pests.
- They are used as cleaners and antifoulings for cooling towers.