What is Caustic Beads?
Caustic bead, also known as sodium hydroxide and caustic soda, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound composed of sodium cations Na+ and hydroxide anions OH−.
Caustic bead is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at normal ambient temperatures and can cause severe chemical burns. It is water soluble, easily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. A number of hydrates form NaOH·nH2O. The monohydrate NaOH·H2O crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. Commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is usually this monohydrate.
One of the simplest hydroxides, sodium hydroxide is often used with neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students.
Sodium hydroxide is a strong base widely used in industry. Sodium hydroxide is used in the manufacture of sodium salts and detergents, pH regulation and organic synthesis. In bulk, the solutions are often treated as an aqueous solution, as they are cheaper and easier to use. Sodium hydroxide is used in many scenarios where it is desired to increase the alkalinity of a mixture or neutralize acids.
How is Caustic Bead produced?
Sodium hydroxide is produced industrially as a solution of % 50 by variations of the electrolytic chloralkali process. Chlorine gas is also produced in this process. Solid sodium hydroxide is obtained from this solution by evaporation of water. Solid sodium hydroxide is most commonly sold as beads, prills, and cast blocks.
Historically, sodium hydroxide was produced by treating sodium carbonate with calcium hydroxide in a metathesis reaction that takes advantage of the fact that sodium hydroxide is soluble while calcium carbonate is insoluble. This process was called causticisation.
This process was replaced by the Solvay process in the late 19th century, replacing the chloralkali process we use today.
Sodium hydroxide is also produced by combining pure sodium metal with water. By-products are hydrogen gas and heat, which often results in a flame.
This reaction is widely used to demonstrate the reactivity of alkali metals in academic settings; however, it is not commercially viable as the isolation of sodium metal is typically accomplished by reduction or electrolysis of sodium compounds, including sodium hydroxide.
What does Caustic Beads look like?
It is found in the form of white solid round beads.
What is the molecular formula of Caustic Beads?
Molecular Formula: NaOH
In which sectors is Bead Caustic used?
- oil industry
- Salt pH test
- Soap and detergent production
- textile sector
- Paper production
- Aluminum and metal industry
- food industry
What are the usage areas (processes) of Caustic Beads?
- In the petroleum industry, sodium hydroxide is used as an additive in drilling mud to increase alkalinity in bentonite mud systems, increase mud viscosity and neutralize any acid gases (such as hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide).
- It is used in salt spray test where pH needs to be regulated. Sodium hydroxide is used with hydrochloric acid to balance the pH. The resulting salt, NaCl, is the corrosive agent used in the standard neutral pH salt spray test.
- Low quality crude oil can be treated with sodium hydroxide to remove sulfide impurities in a process known as caustic washing. As above, sodium hydroxide reacts with weak acids such as hydrogen sulfide and mercaptans to form non-volatile sodium salts that can be removed. The resulting waste is toxic and difficult to handle, and the process is therefore prohibited in many countries.
- It is used in soap and detergent making. Sodium hydroxide is used for hard bar soap, while potassium hydroxide is used for liquid soaps.
- It is used as a drain cleaner that contains sodium hydroxide, converting oils and grease that can clog pipes into water-soluble soap.
- It is used to make artificial textile fibers (like Rayon).
- Kâğıt imalatında kullanılır. Üretilen sodyum hidroksitin yaklaşık %56’sı endüstri tarafından kullanılmaktadır ve bunun %25’i kâğıt endüstrisinde kullanılmaktadır.
- It is used in the purification of bauxite ore from which aluminum metal is extracted. This is known as the Bayer process.
- It is used in degreasing metals, purifying oil, making paint and bleach.
- Food uses of sodium hydroxide include washing or chemical peeling of fruits and vegetables, chocolate and cocoa processing, coloring caramel, soft drink processing and freezing.
What is the Caustic Bead Sales Price?
You can call us to learn about the current caustic bead sales prices and take advantage of the best prices.
Where Can Bead Caustic Be Purchased?
As SoleChem Kimya, we are selling and supplying caustic bead.