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Acetone

Acetone Sales and Supply

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CAS Number

67-64-1

Subject Headings

What is acetone?

Acetone or propanone is an organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO. It is the simplest and smallest ketone. It is a colorless, volatile and flammable liquid with a characteristic pungent odour.

Acetone is miscible with water and acts as an important organic solvent industrially, at home and in the laboratory. It is a common building block in organic chemistry. Common household uses of acetone are as an active ingredient in nail polish remover and as a thinner. While it has volatile organic compound (VOC) exempt status in the United States, it is recognized by the EU as a contributor to environmental pollution.

Acetone is excreted from the human body by normal metabolic processes. It is normally found in blood and urine. People with diabetic ketoacidosis produce greater amounts of acetone. Reproductive toxicity tests indicate low potential to cause reproductive harm. Ketogenic diets that increase ketone bodies (acetone, β-hydroxybutyric acid, and acetoacetic acid) in the blood are used to counter epileptic attacks in infants and children suffering from refractory epilepsy.

Acetone has been extensively studied and is believed to exhibit only mild toxicity under normal use. There is no strong evidence of chronic health effects if basic precautions are taken. It is generally recognized as having low acute and chronic toxicity when ingested and/or inhaled. Acetone is not currently considered a carcinogen, a mutagenic chemical, or a concern for its chronic neurotoxic effects.

Acetone can be found as an ingredient in a variety of consumer products, from cosmetics to processed and unprocessed foods. Acetone is rated as an overall safe (GRAS) substance when found in beverages, baked goods, desserts, and cans in concentrations ranging from 5 to 8 mg/L.

However, acetone is an irritant, causing mild skin irritation and moderate to severe eye irritation. At high vapor concentrations, like many other solvents, it can depress the central nervous system.

How is acetone produced?

Aseton doğrudan veya dolaylı olarak propilenden üretilir. Asetonun yaklaşık %83’ü kümen işlemiyle üretilir; sonuç olarak aseton üretimi fenol üretimine bağlıdır. Kümen işleminde, benzen propilen ile alkillenerek kümen üretilir ve bu, havayla oksitlenerek fenol ve aseton üretir.

Other processes include direct oxidation of propylene (Wacker-Hoechst process) or hydration of propylene to give 2-propanol, which is oxidized to acetone (dehydrogenated).

How does acetone look?

It is available in the form of a transparent liquid with a sharp smell.

What is the molecular formula of acetone?

Molecular Formula: (CH3)2CO

In which industries is acetone used?

  • As a solvent in different industries
  • medicine, textology
  • cleaning agent
  • pharmaceutical industry
  • Dermatology
  • epilepsy treatment
  • domestic uses

What are the uses (processes) of acetone?

  • About a third of the world's acetone is used as a solvent, and a quarter is consumed as acetone cyanohydrin, the precursor to methyl methacrylate.
  • Acetone is a good solvent for many plastics and some synthetic fibers. It is used to thin polyester resin, clean accompanying tools, and dissolve two-component epoxies and super glue before it hardens. It is used as one of the volatile components of some paints and varnishes. As a heavy-duty degreaser, it is useful in preparing metal before painting or brazing, and removing resin flux after brazing (to prevent dirt from sticking and electrical leakage and perhaps corrosion, or for cosmetic reasons).
  • Although itself flammable, acetone is widely used as a solvent for the safe transport and storage of acetylene, which cannot be pressurized safely as a pure compound. Containers containing a porous material are first filled with acetone and then with acetylene dissolved in acetone. One liter of acetone can dissolve approximately 250 liters of acetylene at 10 bar pressure.
  • Acetone is used to synthesize methyl methacrylate.
  • In the laboratory, acetone is used as a polar, aprotic solvent in various organic reactions such as SN2 reactions. The use of acetone solvent is critical for Jones oxidation. It does not form azeotropes with water. It is a common solvent for rinsing laboratory glassware due to its low cost and volatility. Despite its widespread use as a predicted drying agent, it is not effective other than bulk displacement and dilution. Acetone can be cooled down to -78°C with dry ice without freezing; acetone/dry ice baths are often used to carry out reactions at low temperatures. Acetone fluoresces under ultraviolet light and its vapor can be used as a fluorescent tracer in liquid flow experiments.
  • Acetone is used to precipitate proteins. Protein precipitation alternatives are trichloroacetic acid or ethanol.
  • Low-grade acetone is also commonly used in academic laboratory settings as a glassware rinse aid to remove residue and solids before the final wash.
  • Acetone is used to locate lymph nodes in fatty tissues for tumor staging in the field of pathology (such as looking for lymph nodes in the fat surrounding the intestines). This helps dissolve the oil and hardens the knots, making them easier to find.
  • Acetone is also used to stain microscope slides of certain stains.
  • Acetone is a weak Lewis base that forms adducts with soft acids such as I2 and hard acids such as phenol. Acetone also forms complexes with divalent metals.
  • Acetone is used as a solvent in the pharmaceutical industry and as a denaturant in denatured alcohol. Acetone also has uses as an excipient in some pharmaceutical drugs.
  • Dermatologists use alcoholic acetone for acne treatments to chemically exfoliate dry skin. Common agents used for chemical peels today are salicylic acid, glycolic acid, % 30 salicylic acid in ethanol, and trichloroacetic acid (TCA).
  • Acetone has been shown to have anticonvulsant effects in animal models of epilepsy without toxicity when administered at millimolar concentrations. The high-fat, low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet clinically used to control drug-resistant epilepsy in children has been hypothesized to work by increasing acetone in the brain.
  • Acetone is often the main ingredient in cleaning agents such as nail polish and superglue removers.
  • Makeup artists use acetone to remove skin adhesive from wig and mustache webs by removing softened glue residue with a stiff brush.
  • Acetone is often used for steam polishing of print residues on 3D-printed models printed with ABS plastic.

What is the Selling Price of Acetone?

You can call us to find out the current acetone sales prices and take advantage of the best prices.

Where Can Acetone Be Purchased?

As SoleChem Kimya, we sell and supply acetone.